Defined Learning - Possible Roles on Teams

Possible Roles on Teams 

Student teams often function most effectively when members have designated roles. These can be instructor-determined or established by the groups themselves, (e.g., by giving teams a list such as the one below and asking them to decide on and delegate appropriate roles within their group.) The roles you – or your students – assign will depend on the goals of the assignment, the size of the team, etc. They can be fixed or rotating. Here are some possible group roles, but the list is not exhaustive. Think creatively and come up with your own! 

Team Leader/Coordinator: Responsible for overseeing the project, setting goals, and ensuring the team stays on track. Moderates team discussion, keeps the group on task, and distributes work

Recorder: Takes notes summarizing team discussions and decisions and keeps all necessary records.

Spokesperson / Reporter: Represents the team in presentations or when communicating the team's findings or decisions to others. Serves as group spokesperson to the class or instructor, summarizing the group’s activities and/or conclusions.

Timekeeper: Keeps the group aware of time constraints and deadlines and makes sure meetings start on time.

Harmonizer: Strives to create a harmonious and positive team atmosphere and reach consensus (while allowing a full expression of ideas.)

Prioritizer: Make sure the group focuses on most important issues and does not get caught up in details.

Researcher/Explorer: Tasked with gathering information, data, and resources necessary for the project. They might conduct internet research, interview experts, or find necessary literature. Seeks to uncover new potential in situations and people.

Innovator / Creative Director: Encourages imagination and contributes new and alternative perspectives and ideas.

Advocate: Raises counter-arguments and (constructive) objections, introduces alternative explanations and solutions.

Quality Control / Checker: Reviews the team's work for accuracy, clarity, and quality. This person is responsible for proofreading, fact-checking, and ensuring that the project meets the required standards.

Resource Manager / Runner: Gets needed materials and is the liaison between groups and between their group and the instructor. 

Technician or Tech Support: Manages the technological needs of the project, such as setting up and managing digital tools, troubleshooting technical issues, or handling any software or hardware used.

Wildcard: Assumes the role of any missing member and fills in wherever needed.

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